Diabetes is growing at an epidemic rate in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 30 million Americans have diabetes and face its devastating consequences. What’s true nationwide is also true in Indiana.
Indiana’s diabetes epidemic: Approximately 695,832 people in Indiana, or 12.9% of the adult population, have diabetes.
• Of these, an estimated 160,000 have diabetes but don’t know it, greatly increasing their health risk
• In addition, 1,719,000 people in Indiana, 35.6% of the adult population, have prediabetes with blood glucose levels higher than normal but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes.
• Every year an estimated 33,000 people in Indiana are diagnosed with diabetes. Diabetes is expensive: People with diabetes have medical expenses approximately 2.3 times higher than those who do not have diabetes.
• Total direct medical expenses for diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes, prediabetes and gestational diabetes in Indiana was estimated at $5 billion in 2012.
• In addition, another $1.6 billion was spent on indirect costs from lost productivity due to diabetes. Improving lives, preventing diabetes and finding a cure: In 2015, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases at the National Institutes of Health invested $18,315,761 in diabetes-related research projects in Indiana. The Division of Diabetes Translation at the CDC spent $815,662 on diabetes prevention and educational programs in Indiana in 2016.
Sources include − Diabetes Prevalence: 2014 state diagnosed diabetes prevalence, cdc.gov/diabetes/data; 2012 state undiagnosed diabetes prevalence, Dall et al., ”The Economic Burden of Elevated Blood Glucose Levels in 2012”, Diabetes Care, December 2014, vol. 37. − Diabetes Incidence: 2014 state diabetes incidence rates, cdc.gov/diabetes/data − Cost: Dall et al. − Research expenditures: 2015 NIDDK funding, projectreporter.nih.gov; 2016 CDC diabetes funding, www.cdc.gov/fundingprofiles − Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2017